Searching for information

This website provides access to five related categories of information: names, collections (dried vouchers and living cultures), descriptions, images, literature. Currently, unlike NZFUNGI, it does not provide detailed access to the host/pathogen information we maintain. That functionality will be part of a future development of the portal.

Name Search
You can search for a scientific name or vernacular name (or any part of a name) and retrieve a list of matching results. Click on an entry in the list to see the name details.

On the name details page you can see a variety of data relating to that name. The higher classification of the name is provided both at the top, and more visually in a taxonomic hierarchy at the right side of the page. Names which have been used for taxa we consider to be present in New Zealand are designated by an adjacent fern symbol.The database contains many names that do not apply to any currently accepted records of New Zealand species. Such names will have few linked attributes and have not been comprehensively edited.

Across the top of the page are a set of tabs linked to further details about a name and its attributes.
name details tabs If you are viewing a name which is considered to be a synonym of another name then these tabs provide information for just this name. However, if you are viewing a preferred name then these tabs provide aggregated information on attributes relating to the taxon as a whole, i.e. attributes which are linked to the preferred name and all its synonyms.

The Details tab provides the nomenclatural details for the name, including the taxonomic rank, author, place of publication and nomenclatural status. There may also be a link indicating that this name is considered to be a synonym of the preferred (correct) name for the taxon. If the record displays a Treatment Article then this is the source of the opinion on the correct name. In addition there may be a statement on the biostatus, i.e, the presence/absence and origin in a defined geographical region (usually New Zealand) according to a source. Please view the entry on Data Quality regarding biostatus data.

The Synonyms tab lists other names which have been used for the same species. The preferred name provided by NZFUNGI is in accordance with the cited Taxonomic Reference. Some authors of names are prefixed by ‘sensu’, which implies that the authors incorrectly applied the name to New Zealand collections. In earlier periods many European names were applied to New Zealand collections, and these collections were subsequently studied and found to represent species endemic to this region. Also included within the synonymy are the anamorph/teleomorph connections between asexual and sexual stages. Traditionally the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) allowed dual nomenclature for sexual and asexual forms. The recent changes adopted in the new International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants (ICNAFP) allows only a single correct name to be decided by the usual rules of priority. NZFUNGI traditionally adopted the name of the sexual state (where known) as the preferred name, and names of asexual states appear as synonyms, with an indication of the preferred asexual name. Changes under ICNAFP will take some time to be recognised by the mycological community and reflected in NZFUNGI.

A note on taxonomy and nomenclature: The number of synonyms, the choice of correct, or preferred name, and the higher taxonomic classification are determined by two different factors. Firstly, by the application of the nomenclatural rules of the ICNAFP (objective data) applied to the set of names. Secondly, by taxonomic opinion (subjective data) about the overlap between different opinions (circumscriptions) in the application of the set of names to real taxa. The taxonomic concepts in NZFUNG (the set of synonyms, preferred name and higher classification) may not, therefore, conform to those provided elsewhere. Where possible NZFUNGI provides references on the taxonomic opinions we adopt.

Other attributes associated with a name include:

  • Subordinate taxa: the list of "child" names
  • Collections: information of the dried (PDD) and living (ICMP collections identified under this name(s)
  • Distribution: this will eventually link to dynamic distribution maps
  • Descriptions of the taxon taken from the scientific and other literature.
  • Images of the taxon (associated with collections, or literature)
  • Identification keys. There are sets of standard dichotomous keys taken from the literature.
  • Literature: links to literature referring to the name(s).
  • Report: this will eventually provide a PDF report download
  • Links. This provides hyperlinks to other resources on the Internet for the name(s). In particular it contains a link to the entries in the IndexFungorum global nomenclator for names of fungi. Landcare Research is a partner in the IndexFungorum management consortium.

Collection Search
On this page you can search the PDD and ICMP collections, for example 'PDD 74125' or '74125'. The result of the search is a list of PDD/ICMP accession numbers. 'Type' collections are highlighted. Each Accession number provides a link to further details relating to that collection. Precise locality details for collections are not provided; however, the 'Crosby' area code is provided. (Crosby, T.K.; Dugdale, J.S.; Watt, J.C. 1998: Area codes for recording specimen localities in the New Zealand subregion. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 25: 175-183.). Users requiring access to detailed collection information should apply for use of the Systematics Collections Database (SCD).

Description Search
On this page you may search for a name or any word appearing in the title or description of a taxon. These descriptions come from a variety of sources including the scientific literature and popular accounts prepared by staff at Landcare Research.

Image Search
On this page you may search for a name or any word appearing in the title or description applied to images. These images come from a variety of sources including the individual collections, the scientific literature and popular accounts prepared by staff at Landcare Research.

Literature Search
On this page you can search for articles by the title, author, host species, or a keyword. The result of the search is a list of references. Each of these provides a link to the names and host species mentioned in the particular article.